Permanent Residents. Canadian permanent residents are eligible for citizenship if they have been physically present in Canada for four years (1,460 days) during the six year period preceding the date that they apply for citizenship. Applicants must also be physically present in Canada for 183 days during each of the four calendar years that are fully or partially in the six year period preceding the date that they apply for citizenship.
NOTE: Changes to Canada’s Citizenship Act which are expected to come into effect during the second half of 2017 will reduce the “four years out of six years” physical presence requirement to “three years out of five years”, and will eliminate the “183 day / four calendar year requirement”.
Children. Children born outside of Canada on or after April 17, 2009 who have one parent who was born in Canada and is a Canadian citizen are eligible for Canadian citizenship. Children born outside of Canada to a Canadian parent prior to April 17, 2009 may also be eligible for citizenship depending on various factors.
Dual Citizenship. Canada recognizes dual citizenship and Canadian citizens are permitted to hold more than one citizenship. However, some countries do not allow their citizens to hold dual citizenship. To find whether your country of citizenship recognizes dual citizenship, you should contact the government or consular authorities of your country of citizenship.